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Exploring popular cannabis concentrates
Perhaps the primary advantage of a cannabis treatment is the diversity of products currently available to patients. Outside of whole flowers, cannabis concentrates constitute a breadth of options for medical cannabis users. From organic solvent-less extraction to intensive extraction processes, concentrated cannabis products like oil, rosin and tinctures may soon represent the majority of the products patients use to medicate.1
While the number of concentrates continues to grow almost daily, the list of the most popular extract remains somewhat short. These include hash, tinctures, shatter and, most recently rosin and CO2 oil. Regardless of the exact type of extract, each is available in a variety of strains and cannabinoid content, with a variety of terpene profiles. The traits makes concentrates an ideal tool for patients looking to treat their symptoms and conditions with medical cannabis.
Traditional hashish is made by collecting and pressing, by hand or machine, the plant’s resinous trichomes, known simply as kief or, colloquially, as “crystals.” One of the simplest cannabis concentrates to produce, hash is an effective means of isolating the cannabis plant’s vital chemical properties.


A type of concentrate that has become increasingly popular in recent years, for being a powerful yet solvent-less alternative to other extracts, rosin is made by using extreme heat and pressure to isolate essential compounds. With an industrial press or even straightening iron, cannabis flowers are placed in wax paper, and pressed, to produce rosin.

CO2 Oil
Produced using supercritical extraction – which has been to the cannabis industry what the printing press was to the written word – CO2 oil holds, perhaps, the most promise of any concentrate, for both medical patients and recreational consumers. A safe alternative to butane hash oil (BHO), CO2 oil is an efficient means of isolating terpenes and cannabinoids.
Extracted from the plant using an alcohol solution, tinctures have been used to treat heath conditions for decades. Consumed orally, tinctures fall into a unique category of cannabis concentrate because of how they are administered. Absorbed directly into the bloodstream through mucous membranes in the mouth, tinctures are classified a sublingual cannabis product.
A widely popular concentrate among critically ill patients and young recreational consumers, shatter is produced using butane as a solvent. Commonly called by its acronym, BHO, butane hash oil is a particularly potent extract that can reach upwards of 80-90 percent THC. Other cannabis concentrates that can be made using butane extraction, include wax, crumble and “budder.”
  1. “Cannabis concentrate.” https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/4614/cannabis-concentrate-cannabis

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