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Changes to Canada’s impaired driving laws gives police enhanced powers to conduct roadside intoxication tests. 

Public Safety Canada is investing $81 million to train law enforcement in the new 12-step evaluation to identify drug-impaired drivers. The test helps detect central nervous system depressants, inhalants, dissociative anesthetics, cannabis, central nervous system stimulants, hallucinogens and narcotic analgesics. 

On the road side a breath test will be used first to rule out alcohol as the main cause of impairment. Next the officer will interview the driver, complete a pulse check, and then ask the driver to complete three tests: an eye test, the one-leg stand, and the walk and turn. Roadside saliva tests will also be an option once the legislation is enacted in December 2018. 

If after the roadside tests the office finds probable grounds to believe the driver is impaired, the driver will be taken to a police station. There, they will face a series of medical tests to ruled out medical issues causing impairment. 

After the medical testing, the drivers ability to divide attention to multitask will be evaluated using more tests such as tilting the head back, closing the eyes, and putting a finger to the nose.  Pupil dilation will be examined in both the light and the dark, and if the officer still believes the driver is impaired, a blood or urine sample will be required. 
The process takes 30-60 minutes to complete. 

Source: https://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/how-police-are-preparing-to-catch-drivers-under-the-influence-of-cannabis-1.3995664

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